Most of the wastewater Loudoun Water collects from customers (13.8 million gallons per day) is treated by DC Water at their Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant (Blue Plains) through an agreement held between the authorities. Blue Plains has the capacity to treat up to 384 million gallons of sewage a day.
To accommodate for future growth in our service area and to reduce the loading sent to Blue Plains, Loudoun Water constructed the Broad Run Water Reclamation Facility(BRWRF), which is located on our Ashburn campus. The BRWRF was first opened in 2008 and currently treats about 4 million gallons per day (MGD) of sewage with a total current capacity of 11 MGD. Of the 4 MGD that is currently treated, about 1 MGD is distributed back to Loudoun Water customers as reclaimed water.
Wastewater treated at BRWRF is subject to specific state regulation, the Dulles Watershed Regulation, which requires stringent standards due to the fact that it is upstream of a drinking water supply in the Potomac River. Our facility is also subject to other specific state regulations as well as Chesapeake Bay regulations.
Some of those stringent discharge limits include a total nitrogen limit (TN) of 4 mg/L, a total phosphorus limit (TP) of 0.1 mg/L, a Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) limit of 1.0 mg/L, and a chemical oxygen demand (COD) limit of 10 mg/L.
The BRWRF sets a new world-wide technology standard for environmental protection and water reclamation. The facility uses preliminary screening/grit removal, primary clarification, fine screening (2 mm), flow equalization, a membrane bioreactor (MBR), activated carbon and UV disinfection. Waste activated sludge (WAS) is centrifuge thickened, combined with primary sludge for stabilization in anaerobic digesters, and centrifuge dewatered prior to land application.
Process Flow Schematic:
This process was developed during a nine-month pilot study which demonstrated its treatment capabilities and provided the basis for process design. The facility incorporates a fully automated plant-wide control system to optimize treatment, energy and chemical consumptions.
Bardenpho Design:The modified 5-stage Bardenpho design allows for biological phosphorus removal. Results from the first full year of operation at the BRWRF show that a membrane bioreactor can achieve extremely low nutrient levels. Total phosphorus concentrations of less than 0.1 mg/L were achieved monthly. Total nitrogen concentrations averaged less than 3.2 mg/L for the first year without supplemental methanol addition.
The membranes are dispersed between twelve membrane tanks. Some advantages of membrane filtration include improved water quality that enables water reuse and elimination of the need for clarifiers and inherent settling issues.
Loudoun Water's Community System customers in the Transition Policy or Rural Areas have their wastewater treated to a high degree at a small on-site facility that discharges into small creeks and tributaries that eventually lead to the Potomac River.